Blake's SAP FICO 57-66 Document

SAP PM Prerequisite Modules - Navigational Tutorial and Resources Links
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PP Production Planning tutorials point Tutorial Guru99 Blake | 1-7
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SAP FICO Financial Accounting - FICO Tutorial and FICO Resources
1 Home FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point   29 Block a Customer FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point   57 Month End Closing FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
2 Overview FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 30 Delete a Customer FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 58 Dunning FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
3 Submodules FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 31 Customer Account Group FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 59 Exchange Rates FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
4 Company Basics FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 32 One-Time Customer Master FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 60 Tables in Module FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
5 Define Business Area FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 33 Post a Sales Invoice FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 61 AR Invoice Processes FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
6 Define Functional Area FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 34 Document Reversal FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 62 AR Account Analysis FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
7 Define Credit Control FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 35 Sales Returns FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 63 AR Reporting FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
8 General Ledger FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 36 Post Incoming Payment FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 64 AA Overview FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
9 COA Group (Chart of Accts) FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 37 Foreign Currency Invoice FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 65 AA Asset Explorer FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
10 Retained Earnings Account FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 38 Incoming Partial Payments FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 66 Cash Management FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
11 G/L Account FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 39 Reset AR Cleared Items FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point      
12 Block G/L Account FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 40 Credit Control FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 67 CO Overview FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
13 Deleting G/L Accounts FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 41 Accounts Payable FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 68 CO Submodules FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
14 Financial Statement Version FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 42 Create a Vendor FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 69 CO Cost Center FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
15 Journal Entry Posting FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 43 Create Vendor Account Group FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 70 CO Create Cost Center FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
16 Fiscal Year Variant FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 44 Display Changed Fields FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 71 CO Post to a Cost Center FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
17 Posting Period Variant FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 45 Block a Vendor FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 72 CO Internal Orders FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
18 Field Status Variant FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 46 Delete a Vendor FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 73 CO Settlement of IO FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
19 Field Status Group FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 47 One-Time Vendor FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 74 CO Profit Center FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
20 Define Posting Keys FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 48 Post Purchase Invoice FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 75 CO Posting to Profit Center FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
21 Define Document Type FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 49 Purchase Returns FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 76 CO Profit Center Standard Heirarchy FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
22 Document Number Ranges FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 50 Post Outgoing Vendor Payment FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 77 CO Assigning Cost to Profit Centers FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
23 Post with Reference FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 51 Foreign Currency Invoice FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 78 CO Assigning Materials to Profit Centers FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
24 Hold a G/L Document Posting FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 52 Withholding Tax in vendor invoice FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 79 CO Tables in Module FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
25 Park a G/L Document Posting FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 53 Outgoing Partial Payments FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 80 CO Product Costing FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
26 G/L Reporting FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 54 Reset AP Cleared Items FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 81 CO Profitability Analysis FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
27 Accounts Receivable FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 55 Automatic Payment Run FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 82 CO Planning Methods FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point
28 Customer Master Data FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 56 Posting Rounding Differences FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point 83 FI - Integration FICO_Doc     Tutorials Point


(FI - 01 Thru 66) and (CO - 67 Thru 83)

(57) SAP FI - Month End Closing

In SAP FI, month-end closing involves activities in posting a closing period. You can carry out the following activities as a part of month-end closing −

Use the T-code F.05 or FAGL_FC_VAL for new G/L accounts.

57 01

It will open a new window wherein you need to enter the following details −

57 02

You can filter out Valuation activity by entering the appropriate parameters in the Tab Screens.

57 03

Click the Execute button 57 05. It will open a list of all G/L accounts selected for foreign currency valuation.

57 04

(58) SAP FI - Dunning

In SAP FI, if a customer misses the payment for the outstanding invoice by payment due date, you can generate a dunning letter using SAP FI and send it to the customer address to remind him of the outstanding payment.


The dunning system enables to trace liable customers who have not paid their open invoices within a given time span. It enables you to handle the process from, for example, sending a reminder to customers of their outstanding payments through referring such customers to collections agencies.

The dunning system covers the following documents.

How to Create Dunning Keys?

Go to SPRO → SAP Reference IMG → Financial Accounting (New) → AR and AP → Business Transactions → Dunning → Basic Setting for Dunning → Define Dunning Keys → Execute.

58 01

58 02

Define Block Reason for Dunning

Here you define the reason for dunning block reason under a key.
It can be defined for an item or for a customer master.
Blocked item or customer account are not considered for dunning reason.

58 03

58 04

(59) SAP FI - Exchange Rates

You define exchange rates in the system for the following purposes −

Go to SPRO → SAP Reference IMG → SAP Netweaver → General Settings → Currencies → Enter Exchange Rates → Execute.

59 01

Exchange rates can be entered as direct or indirect quotations. In direct quotation, we give multiple of base currency to foreign currency.

Example − 1 USD = 65 × 1 INR

For indirect quotation, it will be 1/65 USD = 1 INR.

How to create direct/indirect quotation in SAP FI?

59 02

In the next window, enter the following details −

59 03

After entering the details, click the Save button.
Enter the request number and click the tick mark.

59 04

(60) SAP FI - Tables in Module

FBAS Financial Accounting “Basis”
BKPF Accounting Document Header MANDT / BUKRS / BELNR / GJAHR
BSEG Accounting Document Segment MANDT / BUKRS / BELNR / GJAHR / BUZEI
BSIP Index for Vendor Validation of Double Documents MANDT / BUKRS / LIFNR / WAERS / BLDAT / XBLNR / WRBTR / BELNR / GJAHR / BUZEI
BVOR Inter Company Posting Procedure MANDT / BVORG / BUKRS / GJAHR / BELNR
EBKPF Accounting Document Header (docs from External Systems) MANDT / GLSBK / BELNR / GJHAR / GLEBK
FRUN Run Date of a Program MANDT / PRGID
KNB4 Customer Payment History MANDT / KUNNR / BUKRS
KNB5 Customer Master Dunning Data MANDT / KUNNR / BUKRS / MABER
KNBK Customer Master Bank Details MANDT / KUNNR / BANKS / BANKL / BANKN
KNC1 Customer Master Transaction Figures MANDT / KUNNR / BUKRS / GJHAR
KNC3 Customer Master Special GL Transactions Figures MANDT / KUNNR / BUKRS / GJAHR / SHBKZ
LFB5 Vendor Master Dunning Data MANDT / LIFNR / BUKRS / MABER
LFBK Vendor Master Bank Details MANDT / LIFNR / BANKS / BANKL / BANKN
LFC1 Vendor Master Transaction Figures MANDT / LIFNR / BUKRS / GJHAR
LFC3 Vendor Master Special GL Transactions Figures MANDT / LIFNR / BUKRS / GJHAR / SHBKZ
VBKPF Document Header for Document Parking MANDT / AUSBK / BUKRS / BELNR / GJHAR
FBASCORE Financial Accounting General Services “Basis”
KNB1 Customer Master (Company Code) MANDT / KUNNR / BUKRS
LFA1 Vendor Master (General Section) MANDT / LIFNR
LFB1 Vendor Master (company Code Section) MANDT / LIFNR / BUKRS
SKA1 G/L Account Master (Chart of Accounts) MANDT / KTOPL / SAKNR
SKAT G/L Account Master (Chart of Accounts – Description) MANDT / SPRAS / KTOPL / SAKNR
MAHNS Accounts Blocked by Dunning Selection MANDT / KOART / BUKRS / KONKO / MABER
FI-GL-GL (FBS) General Ledger Accounting: Basic Functions- G/L Accounts
SKAS G/L Account Master (Chart of Accounts – Key Word list) MANDT / SPRAS / KTOPL / SAKNR / SCHLW
SKB1 G/L Account Master (Company Code) MANDT / BUKRS / SAKNR
FI-GL-GL (FBSC) General Ledger Accounting: Basic Functions - R/3 Customizing for G/L Accounts
FIGLREP Settings for G/L Posting Reports MANDT
TSAKR Create G/L account with reference MANDT / BUKRS / SAKNR
FI-GL-GL (FFE) General Ledger Accounting: Basic Functions - Fast Data Entry
KOMU Account Assignment Templates for G/L Account items MANDT / KMNAM / KMZEI
FI-AR-AR (FBD) Accounts Receivable: Basic Functions - Customers
KNKA Customer Master Credit Management : Central Data MANDT / KUNNR
KNKK Customer Master Credit Management : Control Area Data MANDT / KUNNR / KKBER
KNKKF1 Credit Management : FI Status data MANDT / LOGSYS / KUNNR / KKBER / REGUL
RFRR Accounting Data – A/R and A/P Information System MANDT / RELID / SRTFD / SRTF2
FI-BL-PT (BFIBL_CHECK_D) Bank Accounting: Payment Transactions – General Sections
FI-BL-PT-AP(FMZA) Bank Accounting: Payment Transactions – Automatic Payments
F111G Global Settings for Payment Program for Payment Requests MANDT
FDZA Cash Management Line Items in Payment Requests MANDT / KEYNO
PAYRQ Payment Requests MANDT / KEYNO
FI-AA-AA (AA) Asset Accounting: Basic Functions – Master Data
ANKA Asset Classes: General Data MANDT / ANLKL
ANKP Asset Classes: Fld Cont Dpndnt on Chart of Depreciation MANDT / ANLKL / AFAPL
ANKT Asset Classes: Description MANDT / SPRAS / ANLKL
ANKV Asset Classes: Insurance Types MANDT / ANLKL / VRSLFD
ANLA Asset Master Record Segment MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2
ANLB Depreciation Terms MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2 / AFABE / BDATU
ANLU Asset Master Record User Fields .INCLUDE / MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2
ANLW Insurable Values (Year Dependent) MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2 / VRSLFD / GJAHR
ANLX Asset Master Record Segment MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2
ANLZ Time Dependent Asset Allocations MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2 / BDATU
FI-AA-AA (AA2) Asset Accounting: Basic Functions – Master Data 2.0
FI-AA-AA (AB) Asset Accounting: Basic Functions – Asset Accounting
ANEK Document Header Asset Posting MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2 / GJAHR / LNRAN
ANEV Asset Downpymt Settlement MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2 / GJAHR / LNRANS
ANKB Asset Class: Depreciation Area MANDT / ANLKL / AFAPL / AFABE / BDATU
ANLC Asset value Fields MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1 / ANLN2 / GJAHR / AFABE
ANLH Main Asset Number MANDT / BUKRS / ANLN1
FI-SL-VSR (GVAL) Special Purpose Ledger: Validation, Substitution and Rules
GB03 Validation / Substitution User VALUSER
GB92 Substitutions MANDT / SUBSTID
GB93 Validation MANDT / VALID

(61) SAP FI - AR Invoice Processes

Invoicing processes are used as selection parameters for mass activities for "Invoicing in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable".

Number ranges for invoicing documents are defined dependent on the invoicing processes.

Invoicing processes are a differentiation characteristic for the activation of optional invoicing functions.

The individual process steps of "Invoicing in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable" are explained below.

Process Steps − Invoice Processes

Invoice processes involve the following steps −

(62) SAP FI - AR Account Analysis

There are many types of reports that can be used for account analysis (A/R) −

Customer Line item Analysis

T-code − FBL5N

Customer line item report will be generated based on the open items, cleared items, and all items. It has options available to see transactions based on type: i.e., special G/L, Noted items, Parked items and vendor items.

Customer Balance

T-code − FD10N

This report will be generated as customer-wise / period-wise balances, including debit and credit amount separately. It will also display the balances related to special G/L under different form and gives the total.

Balances of open Sales Invoice, Debit note and Credit note is available under separate columns in the same report. Users have the facility to incorporate required fields by changing the report layout.

Customer Evaluations

T-code − F.30

This report helps in analyzing customer open transactions company-wise, group-wise, Credit control, etc. Users can define open transactions criteria based on due date, payment history, currency analysis, overdue items etc.

SAP T-codes to be used for Account Analysis in SAP FI −

(63) SAP FI - AR Reporting

There are various reports that you can generate in Account Receivable.
Following are the common reports in SAP FI AR along with their T-codes used to generate the report −

(64) SAP FI - AA Overview

In Financial Accounting, it serves as a subsidiary ledger to the General Ledger, providing detailed information on transactions involving fixed assets.

Integration with other components − As a result of the integration in the SAP system, Asset Accounting (FI-AA) transfers data directly to and from other SAP components.


It is possible to post from the Materials Management (MM) component directly to FI-AA. When an asset is purchased or produced in-house, you can directly post the invoice receipt or goods receipt, or the withdrawal from the warehouse, to assets in the "Asset Accounting" component.

At the same time, you can pass on depreciation and interest directly to the "Financial Accounting" (FI) and "Controlling" (CO) components. From the "Plant Maintenance" (PM) component, you can settle maintenance activities that require capitalization to assets.

Components of Asset Accounting

The "Asset Accounting" component consists of the following parts −

Traditional asset accounting encompasses the entire lifetime of the asset from purchase order or the initial acquisition through its retirement. The system calculates, to a large extent automatically, the values for depreciation, interest, insurance and other purposes between these two points in time, and places this information at your disposal in varied from using the Information System. There is a report for depreciation forecasting and simulation of the development of asset values.

The system also offers special functions for leased assets, and assets under construction. The system enables you to manage values in parallel currencies using different types of valuation. These features simplify the process of preparing for the consolidation of multinational group concerns.

The "Plant Maintenance" (PM) component offers functions for the technical management of assets in the form of functional locations and as equipment. The "Treasury" (TR) component offers special functions for managing financial assets.

Create New Asset Classes

Use the T-code OAOA or go to SPRO → SAP Reference IMG → Financial Accounting → Asset Accounting → Organizational Structure → Asset Classes → Define Asset Classes → Execute.

64 01

Click New Entries as shown in the following screenshot.

64 02

In the next screen, enter the following details −

You can also select Asset under construction (AuC).

64 03

Click the Save icon to configure the asset class.

(65) SAP FI - AA Asset Explorer

This function shows all the values of a fixed asset, including APC values and depreciation, in various forms and summarization levels. Planned values are displayed as well as the values already posted. You use this function to display and analyze asset values.

Components of Asset Explorer

Asset Explorer consists of the following components −

Note − The Asset Explorer uses ALV Grid Control for its table display. You can use it to specify the contents of the columns.


With the company code and main asset number, you can also enter the asset sub-number. If you enter an asterisk (*) in the sub number field, the Asset Explorer shows all transactions and depreciation of all sub numbers of the asset main number. Use “This graphic” is explained in the accompanying text and “This graphic” is explained in the accompanying text icons to navigate to different fiscal years.

Overview Tree for Depreciation Areas

Choose the pushbutton above the overview tree, or “this graphic” is explained in the accompanying text Display master data function, to reach the display transaction for asset master data.

To navigate between depreciation areas in the overview tree, select the depreciation area you want. Icons indicate the type of depreciation area. This graphic is explained in the accompanying text icon indicates a real depreciation area, and the “This graphic” is explained in the accompanying text icon indicates a derived depreciation area.

Overview Tree for Related Objects

The system automatically searches for objects related to the asset, such as cost center, equipment, G/L account, WBS element, and displays them in an overview tree. From this overview tree, you can jump directly to the display transaction of the given master data.

There are additional options if the asset was created or posted from a purchase order. In that case, you can double click on the Purchase Orders folder to go to a report that displays all Materials Management documents that are linked to the asset.

When you enter an asterisk (*) for the sub-number in the Asset Explorer, the search for related objects is deactivated. On the Planned Values, Posted Values, and Comparisons tab pages, the system shows the total of all sub-numbers for all fields. On the Parameters tab page, the individual parameters are displayed only if they are the same for the main number and all sub-numbers. If they are not all the same (for example, the main asset and sub-numbers have different useful lives), then the field is shown with an asterisk (*).

The Transactions subscreen shows all transactions for all the sub-numbers. The display of planned/posted depreciation per period shows the total of all sub-numbers for each period. When you jump to other Asset Accounting reports, these are started without being limited to a sub-number. The report then displays all sub-numbers.

Limitations of using an asterisk (*) for the sub-number

Display of the depreciation trace (RATRACE0N) − The trace always relates to a specific asset and it is not possible to add assets together. The report is started for the asset that has the lowest sub-number.

Display of asset master record (AS03) − It is started for the first existing asset.

(66) SAP FI - Cash Management

The Cash Management field in SAP FI is used to manage cash flows and to ensure that you have sufficient liquidity to cover your payment obligations.

Integration with other SAP components

SAP FI Cash Management is a sub-component of Financial Supply Chain Management. It can be integrated with a range of other SAP components.

Example − The liquidity forecast – in a medium- to long-term liquidity trend – integrates expected incoming and outgoing payments in financial accounting, purchase, and sales.

Features of Cash Management

SAP FI Cash Management Incomings area covers the following topics −

Compare payment advices, "Interest calculation "and "Returned vendor checks" are dealt with the Checks topic.

Cash concentration can be found in the Planning topic. Planning also deals with the "payment program", "payment requests", "bill of exchange presentation", "memo record "and "telephone list".

The tools topic covers the "distribution" to cash management systems.

The Information System topic deals among other things with the "Liquidity forecast."

Further topics include: Payment advice journal, Compare and check "and "Reconciliation with cash management.

In the Environment area, you will find functions for transferring market data to the SAP system. Market data can be transferred using the file interface, real-time data feed, or via a spreadsheet.